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          • 当前位置: > 养生之道 > 伽马射线对人体的危害 - The harm of gamma rays to human body
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            伽马射线对人体的危害 - The harm of gamma rays to human body

            文章导读

            辐射一直都是大家避之不及的一个错在,应为它会严重危害到人的身体健康,小到脱发,衰老严重,过早掉牙,大到会影响到人体的细胞使其发生病变,癌变。更严重的辐射甚至会影响到几代人,后代婴儿出现畸形等,即使有些射线已经被人运用到医学治疗方便,但还是不能消除其危害,今天就来谈谈一种伽玛射线对人体有哪些危害?

            伽马射线对人体的危害 - The harm of gamma rays to human body

            伽马射线,又称γ粒子流,是原子核能级跃迁蜕变时释放出的射线,是波长短于0.01埃的电磁波。伽马射线,或γ射线是原子衰变裂解时放出的射线之一。此种电磁波波长极短,穿透力很强,又携带高能量,容易造成生物体细胞内的DNA断裂进而引起细胞突变、造血功能缺失、癌症等疾病。但是它可以杀死细胞,因此也可以作杀死癌细胞,以作医疗之用。

            伽马射线对人体的危害 - The harm of gamma rays to human body

            γ射线的能量大。由于γ射线的波长非常短,频率高,因此具有非常大的能量。高能量的γ射线对人体的破坏作用相当大,当人体受到γ射线的辐射剂量达到200-600雷姆时,人体造血器官如骨髓将遭到损坏,白血球严重地减少,内出血、头发脱落,在两个月内死亡的概率为0-80%;当辐射剂量为600-1000雷姆时,在两个月内死亡的概率为80-100%;当辐射剂量为1000-1500雷姆时,人体肠胃系统将遭破坏,发生腹泻、发烧、内分泌失调,在两周内死亡概率几乎为100%;当辐射剂量为5000雷姆以上时,可导致中枢神经系统受到破坏,发生痉挛、震颤、失调、嗜眠,在两天内死亡的概率为100%

            伽马射线对人体的危害 - The harm of gamma rays to human body

            工业探伤还好,γ射线强度不会特别大。伽马射线是一种高频电磁波.具有致癌作用,对人的生殖细胞影响最大。伽马射线是一种辐射射线,长期对人体辐射的话会使人体的细胞发生变异,从而造成恶性疾病,这也是伽马射线被认为致癌射线的原因。


            Reading guide

            Radiation has always been a mistake we can not avoid, because it will seriously endanger people's health, as small as hair loss, aging serious, premature tooth loss, large enough to affect the human body's cells to cause disease, cancer. More serious radiation can even affect several generations, offspring and infants have deformities, even though some of the radiation has been used to medical treatment, but still can not eliminate its harm, today to talk about a gamma ray on the human body what harm?

            伽马射线对人体的危害 - The harm of gamma rays to human body

            Gamma rays, also known as gamma particle streams, are radiations emitted during the transition and degeneration of nuclear energy levels, and are electromagnetic waves with wavelengths shorter than 0.01 A. Gamma rays or gamma rays are one of the rays emitted during atomic decay. This kind of electromagnetic wave has very short wavelength, strong penetrating power, and carries high energy. It is easy to cause DNA breakage in the cells of organisms and then cause cell mutation, loss of hematopoietic function, cancer and other diseases. But it can kill cells, so it can also kill cancer cells for medical purposes.

            伽马射线对人体的危害 - The harm of gamma rays to human body

            The energy of gamma rays is large. Because the wavelength of gamma ray is very short and the frequency is high, it has very large energy. The damage of high energy gamma rays to the human body is quite great. When the radiation dose of gamma rays reaches 200-600 rem, the human hematopoietic organs such as bone marrow will be damaged, the white blood cells will be seriously reduced, the internal bleeding and hair loss will occur. The probability of death within two months is 0-80%; when the radiation dose is 600-1000 rem. When the radiation dose is 1000-1500 rem, the human gastrointestinal system will be destroyed, diarrhea, fever and endocrine disorders will occur, and the probability of death within two weeks is almost 100%; when the radiation dose is 5000 REM or more, the central nervous system will be destroyed and spasm will occur. The probability of death in two days is 100%.

            伽马射线对人体的危害 - The harm of gamma rays to human body

            Industrial detection is good, and the intensity of gamma rays will not be particularly strong. Gamma ray is a high frequency electromagnetic wave. It has carcinogenic effect and has the greatest influence on human germ cells. Gamma ray is a kind of radiation, long-term radiation to the human body will mutate the human cells, resulting in malignant diseases, which is also known as the cause of gamma ray carcinogenic rays.

            伽马射线对人体的危害 - The harm of gamma rays to human body:等您坐沙发呢!

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